Licorice is the most widely used Chinese medicine
Most of the prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine prescribed by TCM physicians are inseparable from the licorice flavor.
Why is licorice so versatile?
This is related to the unique effect of glycyrrhizic acid contained in glycyrrhizae. The reasons are roughly as follows: First, Jiaozheng smell. According to this analysis, glycyrrhizic acid is contained in glycyrrhizin, which has a very sweet taste.
It still has a sweet taste in the aqueous solution of 1: 20,000.
Therefore, in the prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, it can play a role in correcting the odor of other medicines.
Second, detoxification Glycyrrhizic acid can be degraded in the body to generate one molecule of glycyrrhetic acid and two molecules of glucuronic acid.
Glycyrrhetinic acid has a corticosteroid-like effect and can increase the detoxification of the liver.
Third, the medicinal glycyrrhizic acid is an organic acid that can chemically react with various alkaloids in Chinese medicine to form difficult-to-dissolve precipitates. These precipitates are slowly decomposed in the body to gradually exert their efficacy, and can also reduce the decrease in medicinal properties, Thereby reducing entropy.
At the same time, glycyrrhizic acid also has an adsorption effect similar to that of medicinal activated carbon, which can absorb the chemical constituents of a variety of drugs, gradually release them in the body, and slowly exert its efficacy.
Fourth, licorice can enhance the efficacy of other medicines in the prescription, which is related to the glycyrrhizic acid, licorice content element, and isoliquiritigen content element contained in licorice.
For example, glycyrrhizin paeony phospholipids work synergistically in terms of analgesia, dissolution, antipyretics, anti-inflammatory, inhibition of gastric secretion and relaxation of smooth muscle.
Glycyrrhizic acid also has a “solubilizing effect”. Decoction with other medicines can enhance the solubility of other medicines in water, thereby enhancing the efficacy of the medicine.
Licorice itself is not without antibacterial effect, but it can enhance the antibacterial effect of other antipyretic and detoxifying drugs on bacteria.